All You Need to Know about Bleeding Gums

October 31, 2019
To prevent bleeding gums, it's important that you take good care of your oral hygiene and that you go to the dentist regularly. Read on to learn more!

Almost everyone has seen their gums bleed at least once while they were brushing their teeth. In fact, everyone typically believes it’s due to brushing or that it’s temporary. However, this isn’t normal. Bleeding gums is a symptom you should monitor closely, as it may be an early sign of gum disease.

Therefore, even if it only occurs sporadically, you shouldn’t ignore it. In this article, we’ll explain what bleeding gums are and what are the causes and symptoms.

Bleeding gums

Bleeding gums is a sign of gum inflammation. It’s often accompanied by redness and, even if it only happens during tooth brushing, it may be a sign of gum disease. For example, both gingivitis and periodontitis can cause it.


This is a very common gum disease. Although it’s not serious, it may end up leading to periodontitis. This condition irritates and inflames the gums, making them red and swollen. It particularly affects the base of the teeth.

Gingivitis usually develops due to poor oral hygiene. Therefore, it’s necessary to adopt good oral habits to avoid it. Dentists recommend brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing daily. Also, you need to go see your dentist regularly.

A woman with swollen gums.


This is a serious gum infection that progressively destroys the bone that supports the teeth. Therefore, it may make your teeth fall out. It’s a relatively common disease.

Periodontitis has also been linked to poor oral hygiene. However, professionals also identified other risk factors. In fact, numerous studies link tobacco consumption with a higher incidence of periodontitis.

Other causes

However, it’s also important to know that bleeding gums may be caused by other situations. Brushing your teeth too hard, using a new toothbrush, starting to floss, and certain drugs can also cause bleeding gums.

You may also like this article: Natural Products That Will Help Whiten Your Teeth

What’s the cause of bleeding gums?

The mouth is colonized by many bacteria, which are continuously forming a sticky “biofilm” that deposits on teeth. This biofilm is also caused by mucus and food scraps.

You can eliminate this biofilm with proper brushing and flossing. If you don’t do it properly, it hardens and eventually forms plaque that builds up around and between your teeth. This causes the gums to become irritated, inflamed, and bleed.

A person brushing their teeth.

Brushing your teeth every day helps prevent the formation of bacterial plaque that causes tartar and other oral problems.

Read on to learn more: 5 Home Remedies to Remove Plaque From Your Teeth

How to prevent bleeding gums

The first thing you need to do is go to a dentist appointment to get your teeth checked out. Also, your dentist will surely clean your teeth to remove any tartar and recommend the best treatment for you.

Regardless of the cause of your bleeding gums, there are some simple steps you can take to avoid or reduce this condition. You should follow these tips daily, even if you don’t suffer from any gum condition:

  • Brush your teeth every day. In fact, try to do it two to three times a day. Ideally, you should do it carefully, for at least two minutes. Try to focus on hard-to-reach areas with your toothbrush.
  • Some experts recommend using electric toothbrushes. It’s better if your toothbrush has soft, rounded bristles. Be careful when you’re brushing your gum line.
  • Floss every day. This will help prevent the formation of plaque between your teeth. Similarly, you should use mouthwash.
  • As we mentioned above, make sure to visit your dentist regularly. Ideally, you should do this every six months.
  • Quit smoking and avoid alcohol.

Moreover, you should pay close attention to your diet. You should eat lots of fruits and vegetables, as they’ll provide all the vitamins your gums and your teeth need to be healthy. Also, avoid foods rich in sugar, as they can damage your teeth.


Bleeding gums can be a sign of gum disease. Therefore, if you’re suffering from this condition, you should visit your dentist as soon as possible. Also, try to maintain proper oral hygiene to prevent this condition.

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