Medicinal properties of cassava - nine health benefits

28 November, 2019
You must cook cassava properly before you eat it in order to take advantage of all of its medicinal properties. This is because the entire plant can be toxic when it's raw.

The medicinal properties of cassava are well known in tropical lands. In fact, this plant is an important part of their diet. There are many traditional recipes with it as it’s quite easy to obtain as well as satisfying. In today’s article, we’ll tell you more about it.

About cassava

Just like rice and corn are basic foods in the Asian and American continents, yucca is the main ingredient of everyday dishes in Central and South America.

Cassava, manioc, or Manihot esculenta is a tuber, basically the underground part of the cassava bush. Many people also eat the leaves of the plant. It originated in the American continent but it’s currently grown in more than 80 tropical countries.

In addition, according to an article in Tropical Plant Biology, cassava is a major dietary component of more than 800 million people in the world. In general, it’s a great plant to grow because is drought resistant and doesn’t require too many fertilizers.

Nutritional properties of cassava

Most of the medicinal properties of cassava are due to its interesting nutritional profile. It, as detailed in a study published in Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 100 grams of boiled cassava root contains 112 calories only. 98% of it is carbohydrates, and the rest proteins and fats.

This same publication reveals that cassava is also a source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Specifically, the same portion of cassava contains:

  • carbs: 27 grams
  • fiber: 1 gram
  • thiamine: 20% of the recommended daily values (VDR)
  • phosphorus: 5% of the VDR
  • calcium: 2% of the VDR
  • riboflavin: 2% of the VDR

Boiled cassava also contains minimal amounts of iron, vitamin C, and niacin, among other elements. Despite this, its nutritional profile is minimal in comparison to other root vegetables such as beets and sweet potatoes.

A bowl of fried cassava.

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How to eat cassava

You must peel cassava before cooking. Also, you should always cook it before eating it because it’s toxic when raw.

  • Cook it just like you would a potato and serve it as a side or main dish.
  • You can also ground it and use it as flour in any recipe. The manioc is particularly good for people with celiac disease because it doesn’t contain gluten.
  • The tender leaves of the manioc are also edible, but only when cooked. They’re toxic otherwise, just like the tuber. Eating them makes up for the lack of protein in the tuber (the most consumed part of the plant).

Medicinal properties of cassava

We must clarify that by “medicinal properties” we’re not implying that cassava has any disease curing superpowers. While it does provide some health benefits when you add it to your diet this doesn’t mean that it can relieve ailments all by itself.

So, let’s assume these qualities of the vegetable as simple reasons to include it in a healthy and balanced diet. This way, they’ll surely contribute to our well-being.

It improves digestion

Yucca is a potent digestic

Cassava is very easy to digest and a great source of fiber. According to a study published by the Journal of Food Science and Technology, fiber from food speeds up the passage of food through the digestive system. In addition, it adds volume to the poop, thus preventing problems such as constipation.

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Supports the immune system

Cassava nutrients are allies in strengthening the immune system. Thus, including this food in your regular diet keeps infectious diseases at bay as well as allergies and other conditions that are due to weak defense mechanisms.

Among other properties, cassava contains saponins, which are “immunoadjuvants,” according to research.

It promotes strong and healthy bones

Cassava also contains calcium. This is why consuming it is also directly related to bone health. Calcium, as studies show, is crucial for strengthening bones and preventing bone density loss.

Medicinal properties of cassava – things to keep in mind

Eating cassava in large amounts can lead to weight gain due to its high carbohydrate content; therefore, you must do so in moderation. In addition, you must always cook it because, as we said above, it’s toxic when raw.

Also, the evidence in regard to its medicinal properties is still limited. So, don’t use it as a remedy for treating health problems. Consume it only as part of your diet and in moderate portions.

  • Prochnik, S., Marri, P. R., Desany, B., Rabinowicz, P. D., Kodira, C., Mohiuddin, M., … Rounsley, S. (2012, March). The Cassava Genome: Current Progress, Future Directions. Tropical Plant Biology.
  • Montagnac, J. A., Davis, C. R., & Tanumihardjo, S. A. (2009). Nutritional value of cassava for use as a staple food and recent advances for improvement. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety8(3), 181–194.
  • Dhingra D, Michael M, Rajput H, Patil RT. Dietary fibre in foods: a review. J Food Sci Technol. 2012;49(3):255–266. doi:10.1007/s13197-011-0365-5
  • Health Implications of Cassava Production and Consumption. (2011). Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR).