Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disease that affects women and is caused by a sex hormone imbalance.
It happens when the ovaries begin to produce more androgen than estrogen and progesterone. This interferes with the development and release of the egg during the menstrual cycle.
As a consequence, the woman has limited fertility. In addition, small pockets of fluid known as cysts develop.
Since this alters the ovulation process, it’s common for women who have PCOS to experience irregular menstruation, inflammation, and other symptoms that affect their quality of life.
In general, teenagers normally develop this syndrome. However, it’s also common in older women.
At first, PCOS doesn’t have any symptoms. However, over there are major symptoms that must be treated
Because of the consequences of the hormonal changes this syndrome causes, it’s essential that everyone know more about the disease.
In today’s article, we want to share 7 important facts to understand this syndrome better.
1. What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease where the sex hormones become severely imbalanced. Naturally, this affects a women’s reproductive health.
In addition, it’s characterized by the formation of small cysts or follicles. These usually come with a thickening of the outer wall of the ovaries.
Do you want to know more? Read: What You Should Know Before Deciding to Remove Your Ovaries
2. What are the symptoms of PCOS?
As with other diseases, this syndrome doesn’t present any strong symptoms in the initial stages.
However, as it progresses, some signs raise suspicions about its presence.
Its most noticeable symptoms are:
- The absence of a period after having had one or more normal periods during puberty.
- Irregularities in menstruation.
- Abnormal bleeding.
- Excessive body hair growth.
- Chronic acne on the face and back.
- Changes in the texture of the skin.
- Liver spots.
- Difficulties in conceiving or infertility.
- Weight gain.
- Excessive hair loss.
- Deepening voice.
- Changes in breast size.
3. What are the causes of PCOS?
Changes in hormone levels cause this disease. They interfere with the release of eggs from the ovaries.
Furthermore, genetic factors also play a role. However, external conditions such as pollution and diet may also play a part.
Overall, the most affected hormones are:
4. It increases the risk of ovarian cancer
Although the cysts that women develop due to this condition are benign, their presence and the hormonal alterations they create may increase your risk of ovarian cancer.
This is because the hormonal imbalance prevents the endometrium from shedding. Over time, this generates changes in its cellular activity.
5. It also increases the risk of metabolic syndrome
Imbalances in sex hormone activity can directly interfere with metabolic processes. As a consequence, they may lead to some health disorders.
In general, these diseases include:
- High blood pressure
- High triglyceride levels
6. PCOS doesn’t always cause infertility
It’s true that this syndrome does make some women infertile. However, not all women experience this despite the ovulation difficulties they have.
Unlike women who experience normal ovulation, patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome ovulate unpredictably. Hence, they have fewer opportunities to conceive.
However, timely and appropriate treatment can promote ovulation to increase the chances of getting pregnant.
7. It’s not always necessary to remove cysts
Most women with this disease think they will have to undergo surgery to the remove cysts from the ovaries.
However, this is not necessarily the case. Most cysts ovulate, mature, or don’t grow.
The follicles almost always look like a “pearl necklace” on an ultrasound. However, they present no real danger, although it seems alarming.
Although the cyst will obviously influence hormonal and menstrual activity, it can be kept under control with other types of treatment.
Controlling this disease varies depending on each patient, based on the severity and impact of the hormonal imbalance.
After being diagnosed with the disease, patients should have is continuous medical check-ups to avoid complications.
Main image courtesy of © wikiHow.com