Vaccinations are one of the most important systems of protection for your body.
They’re in charge of protecting you from a large amount of diseases that could affect you, whether you’re a child, adolescent, or adult.
Vaccinations are biological preparations that help make us immune to diseases. They’re made with agents that resemble the microorganisms that cause the disease or weakened versions of them.
By applying them inside your body, they stimulate your immune system. This way, it recognizes the threat, destroys it, and creates a register of it.
This register lets your body recognize and destroy an associated microorganism much easier in the future, protecting your body from having to suffer the disease.
However, there are many adults who don’t know what vaccinations they should get. Thus, they stay unprotected and more likely to suffer from the disease.
If you’re looking for this information, in this article, we’ll let you know which vaccines you should get. Keep reading!
1. Seasonal Flu and Vaccines
The seasonal flu is a contagious disease caused by a virus and it’s more serious than a common cold. Coughing, sneezing, or nasal secretions can spread this to others.
Any person can get the seasonal flu, especially kids and older adults.
Among the symptoms of the seasonal flu are:
- Sore throat
- Muscle pain
Although the flu usually lasts a few days, it can lead to complications if it isn’t treated properly. In this case, it can end up causing:
- Epileptic seizures
- High fever
- Stomach aches
- Ear infections
The best way to prevent the seasonal flu and its complications is getting one of these vaccines every year.
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2. Herpes Zoster
Also known as Shingles, this is a condition caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It’s more commonly called “chicken pox.”
Any person who has had or received vaccines against varicella could develop herpes zoster.
Although the virus can be in an inactive state, it’s capable of becoming active over time and become Shingles, causing:
- Painful rashes on your skin, especially on one side of your body or face,
- Overall pain.
If not treated correctly, Shingles could cause pneumonia, hearing problems, blindness, encephalitis, or even death.
To prevent these problems, it’s necessary to get the vaccine against herpes zoster after turning 60 years old.
The people that have received this vaccine should be re-vaccinated to prevent it.
3. Whooping Cough
Whooping cough is a bacterial infection that is similar to a common cold. However, it could also cause:
- Severe cough
- Difficulty breathing
Despite the fact that whooping cough has decreased noticeably after the vaccine was developed, there is usually an epidemic every three or five years.
This sickness is spread through coughing and sneezing, and if it isn’t treated properly, it could get worse and cause:
- Prolonged and intense cough attacks, making it difficult to eat or breathe
- Epileptic seizures
- Brain damage
To prevent it, it’s important to get the vaccination against whooping cough once every ten years.
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Tetanus is an infection capable of causing:
- Locking of the jaw
- Stiff neck
- Inflexibility in the abdomen
- High blood pressure
- Severe muscle spasms
You can contract tetanus from animal dander or excrements, entering through cuts in your skin.
When tetanus has complications, it can cause fractures in your spine or other large bones in your body. In addition, it could cause comas or death.
To prevent this terrible disease, you should get tetanus shots every ten years.
Diphtheria is a severe and contagious disease that is caused by bacteria and the poison it releases.
The most common symptoms are:
- General malaise
- Sore throat
- Thick, dense, grayish membranes in the mucous that block your airways
You can contract this disease through coughing or sneezing, and its complications cause respiratory problems, paralysis, heart problems and even death.
Additionally, just like with whooping cough and tetanus, you should get the diphtheria vaccine every ten years.
Pneumococcal bacteria causes the pneumococcal disease. It spreads through the air, coughing and sneezing. The symptoms associated with this disease are:
- Chest pains
- Loss of breath
- Stiff neck
- Sensitivity to light
When pneumococcal disease has complications, it can cause deafness, brain damage, loss of limbs and death.
To prevent this disease, it’s necessary to receive at least two vaccines, especially those over 65 years old and those younger than 65 that have certain medical conditions.
Getting vaccinated is the only certain way to protect your body from diseases that could cause irreversible damage and even death.
If you still don’t know which ones you need, it’s very important that you talk to your doctor so they can give them to you.