Diabetes is a metabolic pathology that occurs due to uncontrolled blood sugar levels. These blood sugar levels can rise due to insulin resistance or because your body isn’t producing the right amount of the hormone.
Since diabetes lacks obvious symptoms in its initial stages, some consider it highly dangerous and actually categorize it as a “silent killer.”
However, the most concerning thing is that it interferes with other bodily systems, too. Unfortunately, this disease opens the door to cardiovascular, kidney, and neurological illnesses.
Because of this, health professionals advise educating yourself about this disease, its symptoms and how to prevent it.
Many people are concerned about diabetes. Today, we’d like to talk about 6 important things you need to know about this disease.
1. What causes diabetes?
First of all, there are many possible causes of this disease. However, it basically occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or your body isn’t efficiently using what it does produce.
These situations can come from genetic or environmental factors, as well as a diet high in carbohydrates and refined sugar.
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2. What are the different types of the disease?
While type 2 diabetes is the most common, it’s important to understand that there are three types of diabetes:
This is due to the insufficient or nonexistent production of insulin, making daily injections necessary.
This type is also called insulin-dependent diabetes and because it’s so complicated. Its exact cause isn’t known.
This is the most common around the world. Usually, it’s related to other metabolic conditions like being overweight.
In this type, your body has problems using the insulin it produces. In turn, this affects the process in charge of metabolizing sugar.
Gestational diabetes happens due to an increased amount of glucose in your blood while pregnant. Fortunately, it is easier to control than Type 2 diabetes.
3. What are the symptoms?
Although you don’t see obvious signs in its initial stages, there are some symptoms that can alert you to imbalances in your body.
Here are few:
- Frequent need to urinate
- Constant hunger and thirst
- Extreme tiredness
- Skin wounds not healing well
- Blurry vision
- Sudden weight loss
- Mood changes
- Stomach problems
- Frequent infections
- Tingling in your joints
- Dental issues
4. What are possible complications?
Unfortunately, glucose is important for many processes in your body. Naturally, when it’s out of control, it leads to health problems.
At first, it’s silent and doesn’t seem to be hurting much in your body. But as it becomes more serious, it can cause permanent liver and cardiovascular damage.
Some of its main complications are:
- Complete kidney failure
- Nervous system issues
- Diabetic foot
- Cardiovascular problems
- Brain hemorrhage
- Blood clotting
5. How is it diagnosed?
You can get a diabetes diagnosis during your regular medical check-ups. No matter what, if you see suspicious symptoms, make sure to get examined.
It is tested with what is known as a blood glucose test, which is done after fasting.
In addition, you can get diagnosed another way through an oral glucose tolerance test. This consists of taking 75 grams of sugar and monitoring your blood glucose behavior before and two hours after.
To begin, the results should be below 100 mg/dL. Two hours later, it shouldn’t be higher than 140 mg/dL.
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6. How is it treated?
Basic diabetes treatment consists of giving your body what it’s not making itself: insulin.
Daily insulin injections are essential in the treatment plan of anyone with Type 1 diabetes. Actually, they can’t live without it.
For Type 2 diabetes, there are alternative therapies and medication that control blood glucose levels.
Finally, we can’t leave without mentioning the importance of adopting a healthy lifestyle. After all, your diet and physical activity are keys to managing diabetes.
Get regular check-ups, watch your weight, and actively participate in your treatment to make sure diabetes doesn’t win.
See a doctor if you suspect diabetes and ask about the best treatments for having a healthy life.