The number of skin cancer patients has increased at an alarming rate in recent years.
It often affects adults over 50, although that doesn’t mean that younger people are not at risk of developing it, too.
Skin cancer relates to continuous exposure to radiation emitted by the sun’s rays, but it can also come about from DNA mutations in the epithelial cells.
Despite being one of the most common cancers, its mortality rate has declined significantly. Treatments have evolved and advanced, and you can more easily to obtain a timely diagnosis.
Most cases of skin cancer are of the non-melanoma variety. These can be controlled more effectively because it doesn’t cause changes at the cellular base.
However, it’s essential to recognize any possible symptoms as soon as possible. The key to avoiding a more aggressive form of skin cancer is early detection.
For these reasons, up next we’ll discuss 6 signs that should not be overlooked.
1. Appearance of moles
The appearance of new moles, especially those with irregular shapes, is one of the main signs of skin cancer.
These usually attract attention quickly since they appear suddenly with noticeable characteristics related to their size, color and texture.
While some may appear as reddish spots, others have a bulky texture and a dark color.
2. Changes in existing moles
Changes in existing moles should not be ignored under any circumstances. As previously mentioned, pay attention to any changes that may develop over time.
Experts have developed the “alphabet rule” or “ABCDE”, referring to important characteristics that must be taken into account.
- A for asymmetry: Referring to moles where one half doesn’t match the other half.
- B for border: The edges of the moles appear irregular, deformed or poorly defined.
- C for color: The moles present noticeable changes in color. They can become darker, develop a variety or colors or become discolored.
You may also notice different shades such as blue, red, pink or gray.
- D for diameter: Melanomas can be up to 6 millimeters wide. They can sometimes appear much smaller.
- E for elevation: The surface of the mole is bulging or irregular.
3. Wounds that don’t heal
When skin cells are healthy, the dermis has the capacity to regenerate and heal injuries or sores in a short amount of time.
The opposite occurs when skin cells become malignant. Their healing ability diminishes and even the smallest of wounds become difficult to fully heal.
If you notice open wounds or sores that don’t heal after some time, it could be a skin cancer warning sign.
4. Spots that spread
The appearance of spots on the skin can be due to multiple external and internal factors. However, the way that they develop could indicate if they are related to this type of cancer.
For example, if spots begin to spread from the mole to the surrounding skin, it is important to have it checked. It may be due to changes in the health of your cells.
5. Redness and swelling
Malignant cells trigger an inflammatory reaction that can become noticeable both in the moles and in the surrounding area.
This usually occurs beyond the mole’s border and is accompanied by redness and symptoms similar to those of common skin irritations.
However, unlike the latter, they are persistent and tend to worsen with each day.
6. Sensitivity and pain
Other conditions can cause changes in sensitivity, but can also occur with this type of cancer.
A doctor should evaluate signs of abnormal cell development like recurrent itching, pain to the touch and irritation.
If you notice any of the above signs, consult your doctor immediately to determine if they are related to this disease.
Remember, early detection is the key to timely and effective treatment.