The 5 Types of Gynecological Cancer

Because the different types of gynecological cancer often occur without presenting symptoms or their symptoms are confused with other health problems, seeing your doctor for a regular checkup is fundamental.
Gynecological Cancer

When we talk about gynecological cancer, we’re referring to 5 types of illness associated with the cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina and vulva.

Each year, thousands of women around the world are diagnosed with some type of cancer related to the reproductive organs, and although modern medicine advances every day with better treatments, prevention saves the most lives.

Today we’d like to encourage you to become familiar with the following information and never forget to get regular checkups at your gynecologist.

The reason? There are many diseases that occur without symptoms, hence the importance of undergoing tests that are mostly painless. They’re worth it!

Gynecological cancer awareness

reproductive-health

There will never be a way to know 100% if you’re going to develop gynecological cancer. Genetics often play a role in determining your predisposition, but every person is unique and only you know when something isn’t right or changing in your body.

Learn more about the 5 Most Common Types of Cancer in Women

Prevention saves lives and makes treatments more effective in the majority of cases. However, even if you are young with no family history of cancer, you should still make an appointment with your gynecologist if you’re experiencing even minor discomfort, abdominal pain, or changes in your period.

Gynecological cancer is one of the most evolved fields oncology, both in the diagnosis and medical and surgical treatments.

So, do not immediately associate the word “cancer” with “death”, but with a disease that can be treated. Think of it as a problem that should be faced with courage, strength and a lot of support from family.

Types of gynecological cancer

1. Cancer of the cervix

The rate of cervical cancer has declined thanks to the use of condoms, vaginal-cervical cytology and testing for the human papillomavirus (HPV).

However, early diagnosis offers the best chances for successfully treating the disease and tumors.

The following symptoms are associated with cervical cancer:

  • Heavy bleeding during menstruation.
  • Abundant vaginal fluid with streaks of blood.
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse.
  • Abdominal pain and discomfort in the lower back.



These symptoms can also be related to other health problems, like an infection. However, they are cause for concern and you should see your doctor.

Remember it’s important to be aware of These 5 Rare Signs of Breast Cancer

2. Ovarian cancer

ovarian cancer warning signs

Despite the fact that ovarian cancer typically affects women between the ages of 50 and 70, even if you are younger, this illness should not be ignored as this type of cancer has a very high rate of occurrence.

To date, the cause of this type of gynecological cancer is not known. Experts tell us that it can be caused by hormonal and reproductive factors, diet, tobacco use, being overweight and even the use of products like talcum powder. The role that genetics are thought to play in this disease is lower at between 10 and 15%.

Ovarian cancer, in general, causes few symptoms until its more advanced stage, hence the importance of regular exams.

Symptoms of ovarian cancer include:

  • Slight discomfort in the abdomen, almost like indigestion.
  • Pain in the pelvic area.
  • Anemia and weight loss.
  • Lack of appetite, fatigue.
  • The increase in body hair due to hormonal changes.

3. Uterine cancer

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that forms a canal to the vagina. The problems associated with this type of cancer appear where the endocervix meets the ectocervix when carcinomas form.

Uterine cancer has a lower incidence among women who have had children. However, you should be aware that this type of cancer has a highly elevated genetic component.

Angelina Jolie is a very famous case who, as you may know, chose to have her ovaries and Fallopian tubes removed due to her high genetic predisposition to ovarian and breast cancer.

Uterine cancer is associated with the following symptoms:

  • Bleeding while not menstruating.
  • Abundant vaginal fluid with blood.
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse.

See also: Irregular Menstruation: Why Does It Happen?

4. Vaginal cancer

Although this type of cancer also carries an important genetic component, we should inform you that cancer of the vagina is not as common as the types of cancer mentioned above. This type of gynecological cancer is found in two forms:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma: It forms in the squamous cells that line the vagina. It advances slowly with almost no symptoms until it reaches other organs.
  • Adenocarcinoma: It begins in the glandular cells of the vagina that produce and release fluids like “vaginal mucus”. It’s common in postmenopausal women.

The symptoms of this type of cancer are:

  • Bleeding not related to menstruation.
  • Pain the back or pelvis.
  • Painful urination.
  • The appearance of a bump on the vagina.

5. Cancer of the vulva

urination

This type of cancer is not very common and affects the labia majora.

It advances slowly and is more common in women who became sexually active early in life and who have had multiple partners.

The following risk factors should be kept in mind:

  • Having an infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • Having a history of abnormal Pap smears.
  • Lumps on the vulva or small, strange masses, like warts, with a different color.
  • Itching and discomfort in the vulva and surrounding areas.
  • Bleeding not related to menstruation.

To conclude, keep in mind that the most important thing we’ve mentioned in this article is PREVENTION.

Remember to get periodic exams and for any discomfort, no matter how small it may be, and see your doctor.