Their growth and development begins from inflammation until their hardening and transformation into callouses. Recognizing the vocal nodule symptoms is crucial in order to detect and treat them as soon as possible.
- Excessively clearing throat.
- Chronic cough.
- Imitating voices.
- Talking too much.
- Singing in an unnatural voice tone.
Anything that has to do with an excessive exertion of the vocal cords causes a gradual trauma. This leads to inflammation, and finally, vocal cord nodules.
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Most frequent symptoms
1. Husky voice
The voice may sound a bit, or very, husky because of a reduction of the voice’s intensity. There’s a mismanagement of air that runs out before the end of a sentence and gives off the sensation that the person doesn’t have enough air.
2. Vocal weariness
A person might have feel dryness in their pharynx and larynx, thus feel the need to clear their throat.
3. Neck muscle tension
A person with vocal cord nodules can experience a lot of tension in his or her neck area, which can leat to head aches or other complications as a result.
You might feel a sensation of foreign objects lodged in your pharynx. Coughs can become painful. It’s especially the case if they’re constant and the time lapses between them are very short.
5. Body and voice fatigue
When the body needs to exert itself, fatigue is inevitable. When the voice reaches phonetic exhaustion, symptoms appear.
Factors that might lead to nodules
- Tabacco use.
- Insufficient amounts of air.
- Gastroesophageal reflux.
- Excessively humid places.
- Occupations that require voice usage: teachers, broadcasters, singers.
- Exposure to irritating gases or chemical products.
If you’ve been experiencing voice hoarseness for more than two or three weeks, you should see a doctor. A complete check-up should include a review of medical history, physical exam and a chance to speak with the doctor. In addition, the doctor may also request:
- A neurological exam.
- An exam conducted by a otolaryngologist (a doctor that specializes in throat, nose and ear medicine).
- A voice exam conducted by speech and language or pathologist, or therapist.
- The doctor might also perform a laryngoscopy using an intermittent light in order to examine vocal cord movements.
Treatment for vocal cord nodules
Treatment can consist in surgery, pharmaceutical drugs or reviewing steps of appropriate voice care.
Surgeries aim to remove the nodule from the vocal cord. Doctors resort to this treatment when the nodules are very big or if they’ve been present for a longer period of time.
In some cases, patients need to undergo pharmaceutical treatments to reduce the impact on the their vocal cords. These treatments include gastroesophageal reflux, allergy and thyroid treatments.
This kind of therapy consists in learning about appropriate oral hygiene, eliminating abuses of the vocal cords, using a healthy tone and volume, and breathing for good voice production.
- Complete voice rest.
- When nodules are small or soft, they can be treated with anti-inflammatory steroids.
- Phonetic exercises for reestablishing the function of the vocal cords and to prevent nodules from appearing again.
How can you prevent vocal cord nodules?
- Don’t abuse your voice.
- If you’re a singer, teacher, broadcaster, etc., you have make time to rest your voice.
- You should acquire the needed speaking skills in order to do your job confidently and calmly.
- Parents should be making sure that their children are learning to use proper voice techniques in order to avoid any kind of tension from an early age as it’s a problem that could develop.
- Eliminate toxic habits as well as nasal and throat irritants.
- Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any suspicions. With a simple and painless check-up, he or she can confirm if there is an actual problem or not.
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