The common cold is an illness that strikes when your immune system is weakened. It’s a viral infection that affects the health of the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat).
In this article, you’ll learn 10 step for fighting a cold.
Colds are more common when it’s cold out, although they can appear at any time since there are many kinds of cold viruses.
Even though they’re not usually life-threatening or cause complications, they do produce uncomfortable symptoms that can leave you out of commission for several days.
As such, it’s important to know how to fight them at home by taking on healthy habits that bolster respiratory health without medication.
In this article, we’ll go over some of the causes of the common cold and 10 things you can do to recover without much effort.
Causes of the common cold
There are many viruses that cause the common cold; however, most are due to the rhinovirus.
These microorganisms enter the body through the mouth, eyes, or nose. They can be spread to others through contact with droplets in the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks.
To a lesser extent, they can also be spread through shared items like utensils, towels, and toys. There’s a possibility of transmitting them if you touch your eyes or mouth following exposure.
Those who are most at risk and risk factors include:
- Children under 6, especially those attending daycare
- Individuals with weak immune systems
- Wintertime or fall
- Tobacco consumption
- Contact with an infected person
Symptoms of the common cold usually appear one to three days after coming into contact with the virus. They can present in different ways in each person, depending on their immune system’s response.
- Nasal congestion
- Sore throat
- Dry cough or with phlegm
- Chest congestion
- Body aches and headaches
- General discomfort
Steps for fighting a cold
There are many over-the-counter medications that control cold symptoms. However, it’s also a good idea to know how to fight them naturally.
1. Complete rest
It’s crucial to rest to avoid any complications from a cold.
Your body is fighting against a virus and needs to conserve its energy.
2. Stop smoking
Smoking cigarettes can lead to serious complications in individuals with a cold. As such, if you smoke, it’s important that you stop to recover more quickly.
3. Eat well
A healthy diet is instrumental in strengthening the immune system.
If you’re recovering from a cold, make sure to eat at least three healthy and balanced meals a day.
4. Stay warm
Cold weather tends to worsen cold symptoms.
Therefore, try to keep warm and bundled up until you feel better.
5. Drink plenty of fluids
Increasing your intake of water and healthy drinks is crucial to preventing dehydration while the infection runs its course. Try to drink at least two liters of fluids a day.
6. Eat citrus fruit
Eating plenty of citrus fruit gives your body a boost of vitamin C.
This nutrient strengthens the immune system and improves your body’s reaction to cold viruses.
7. Nasal irrigation
If your nose is very congested, try nasal irrigation.
It’s a simple, painless procedure that will help clear mucus.
8. Don’t use antibiotics
Be careful! Colds can’t be treated with antibiotics.
This illness is caused by viruses and antibiotics are for bacterial infections.
9. Drink herbal tea
There are dozens of teas made with plants, spices, and fruit that can curb cold symptoms.
Taking them several times a day reduces congestion and headaches.
10. Avoid sudden changes in temperatures
One of the reasons you should rest completely when you have a cold is to avoid sudden changes in temperature. Even though they don’t always have a big impact, they can prolong symptoms.
Are you experiencing cold symptoms? Try to follow all these recommendations to speed up your recovery. If you have fever or difficulty breathing, consult with your doctor.
Although colds rarely lead to complications, some can lead to ear infections, asthma attacks, or acute sinusitis.