Water is the primary component of your vital organs, such as your brain, liver, and heart. It’s a vital liquid for your bones and even the spaces between your cells. That’s why drinking too little water can lead to health problems.
For this reason, not drinking enough water can result in damage that ranges from your skin to your essential bodily organs.
1. Dehydrated skin
In addition to using moisturizing creams and other natural treatments, the best solution for keeping your skin hydrated is drinking enough water.
Your skin’s elasticity depends on having adequate water balance: you drink as much or more than you lose.
To find out if your skin is dehydrated, you can perform the following test:
- Gently pinch an area of your skin and see how long it takes to return to its normal position.
- If you’re dehydrated, your skin will very slowly return back to the original shape. Otherwise, it will bounce back immediately.
You can also test the temperature of your skin, especially your face, to see if it’s dehydrated. Typically, the body needs plenty of water to maintain an ideal temperature.
This means that if your skin is hotter than normal, you might need to increase your water intake.
2. ConstipationConstipation makes it difficult to have normal bowel movements, and one of the main causes is drinking too little water.
When your intestines form your stool, the large intestine removes a lot of water in order to solidify the waste.
When there’s not enough water, it makes it more difficult to remove this solid waste and can cause abdominal pain.
One problem that’s directly related to constipation are hemorrhoids, which are caused by the effort your intestine must make to remove very solid or dry stool.
3. Muscle cramps
Muscle cramps are typically associated with physical activity, but they can be related to any other situation when your body is low on water.
What typically happens is that – in the presence of insufficient fluid levels in the body – you wind up with an imbalance in your supply of electrolytes and minerals.
These components are vital for the proper function of your muscles.
This is why it’s a good idea to stay hydrated when playing sports or getting exercise, because you lose water and minerals through your sweat.
Not drinking enough water directly affects your daily life and can cause fatigue.
When you don’t have enough fluids, your cells slow down their activities and generate less energy.
People who suffer from dehydration are often tired and sleepy for this reason. Fortunately, the effects of fatigue can be reversed if you start drinking water.
It’s also a good idea to eat fruits and vegetables that contain plenty of water to increase the amount of fluid in your body.
In addition to providing you with vitamins, fruits like watermelon and citrus fruits provide sugars that naturally increase your energy levels.
5. Dry mouth
Problems with dry mouth are often associated with oral hygiene and the proper digestion of food. The best advice when you have dry mouth is to drink water immediately.
Symptoms of dry mouth:
- A sticky or dry sensation
- Thick saliva
- Pain or burning in the mouth or tongue
- Cracking in the lips or at the corners of the mouth
- Dry and rough tongue
- Difficulty chewing, tasting food, or swallowing
6. MigrainesMost of the time, migraines are associated with dehydration. When you don’t drink enough water it causes your blood vessels to dilate, which produces intense headaches.
- Remember that dehydration doesn’t only occur on days with high temperatures.
- As long as you drink enough water, you’ll maintain an adequate balance and will have less of a chance of getting a migraine.
7. High blood pressure
Not drinking enough water reduces the volume of blood in your blood vessels when ideally, they should be full.
To keep your organs functioning under conditions of dehydration, your body releases a histamine hormone.
This substance causes your veins and arteries to contract, which leads to an increase in your blood pressure.
Drinking plenty of water also improves your circulation, reducing the build up of toxins and other harmful substances that can cause high blood pressure.
8. Problems with your kidneysDrinking plenty of water stimulates proper kidney function. Your kidneys are responsible for removing toxins, urea, and salt from your body.
When your kidneys can’t perform this vital function, certain health problems appear, such as kidney stones.
Keeping your kidneys healthy contributes to your body’s metabolic balance and helps prevent disorders and chronic disease.
9. Weight gain
Sometimes, the symptoms of hunger can be confused with being thirsty. Some people therefore eat food, when their body is actually demanding fluids.
This is an important factor to keep in mind when caring for your weight and your health. You should also know that drinking water speeds up your metabolism, which increases the number of calories you burn.
Most diets typically require several glasses of water a day for these very reasons. Remember that you should be drinking plain water, however, without any additional artificial sugars or flavors.
10. Joint pain
If you’ve ever felt sporadic pain in your joints, it’s very likely that you’re not drinking enough water.
- Your cartilage, which helps limit friction within your joints, is made up of 70% water.
- This is why it’s important to have plenty of fluid so your cartilage can maintain its proper shape, which allows for movement between the bones.
The amount of water you should drink depends on factors such as your age, level of physical activity, the weather, and health, among others.
Because it’s essential for the vital functions of your body, you should increase your water intake in order to remain healthy.