10 Consequences of Drinking Too Little Water

24 January, 2019
Drinking too little water can cause imbalances in your metabolism and trigger other health problems. You should drink between six to eight glasses a day at the very least.

Your vital organs, like your brain, liver, and heart are mostly water. Indeed, water is vital for your bones and even the spaces between your cells. That’s why drinking too little water can lead to health issues.

Consequently, drinking too little water can damage anything from your skin to your organs. Find out why should avoid doing so and find the motivation to drink at least 8 glasses a day.

The consequences of drinking too little water

1. Dehydrated skin

Along with moisturizing creams and other natural treatments, the best solution for keeping your skin hydrated is drinking enough water.

Your skin’s elasticity depends on having adequate water balance: you should drink as much or more than you lose.

To find out if your skin is dehydrated, try the following test:

  • Gently pinch an area of your skin and see how long it takes to return to its normal state.
  • If you’re dehydrated, your skin will very slowly return to its original shape. Otherwise, it will bounce back right away.

You can also test the temperature of your skin, especially your face. Typically, the body needs plenty of water to maintain an ideal temperature.

So, if your skin is hotter than usual, you might need to increase your water intake.

Discover: 6 facial masks for dry skin

2. Constipation

Drinking too little water woman constipated

Constipation makes it difficult to have normal bowel movements. One of its main causes is drinking too little water.

When your intestines form stool, the large intestine removes a lot of water to solidify waste.

When there’s not enough water, it makes it more difficult to remove solid waste and can cause abdominal pain.

One problem that’s directly related to constipation is hemorrhoids. They’re caused by your intestine’s efforts to remove very solid or dry stool.

3. Muscle cramps

Muscle cramps are typically associated with physical activity. However, they can be related to any other situation where your body is low on water.

What typically happens is that – in the presence of insufficient fluid levels in the body – you end up with an imbalance in your supply of electrolytes and minerals.

These components are vital for the proper function of your muscles.

This is why it’s a good idea to stay hydrated when playing sports or doing exercise. As a result, you lose water and minerals through your sweat.

4. Fatigue

Drinking too little water directly affects your daily life and can cause fatigue.

When you don’t have enough fluids, your cells slow down their activities and generate less energy.

People who suffer from dehydration are often tired and sleepy for this reason. Fortunately, the effects of fatigue can be reversed if you start drinking water.

It’s also a good idea to eat fruits and vegetables that contain plenty of water to increase the amount of fluid in your body.

In addition to providing you with vitamins, fruits like watermelon and citrus fruits contain natural sugars that increase your energy levels.

5. Dry mouth

Problems with dry mouth are often associated with oral hygiene and proper digestion. The best advice when you have dry mouth is to drink water immediately.

Symptoms of dry mouth:

  • A sticky or dry sensation
  • Thick saliva
  • Pain or burning in the mouth or tongue
  • Cracking in the lips or at the corners of the mouth
  • Dry and rough tongue
  • Difficulty chewing, tasting, or swallowing food

6. Migraines

Woman with headache eyes closed
Most of the time, migraines are associated with dehydration. When you don’t drink enough water it causes your blood vessels to dilate, which produces intense headaches.

  • Remember that dehydration doesn’t only occur on days with high temperatures.
  • As long as you drink enough water, you’ll maintain an adequate balance. As such, you’ll have less of a chance of getting a migraine.

7. High blood pressure

Drinking too little water reduces the blood volume in your blood vessels when ideally, they should be full.

To keep your organs functioning under conditions of dehydration, your body releases a histamine hormone.

As a result, your veins and arteries contract which leads to an increase in your blood pressure.

In addition, drinking plenty of water improves your circulation, reducing the build-up of toxins and other harmful substances that can cause high blood pressure.

8. Problems with your kidneys

Man touching back pain

Drinking plenty of water stimulates proper kidney function. Your kidneys are responsible for removing toxins, urea, and salt from your body.

When your kidneys can’t perform this vital function, certain health problems appear, such as kidney stones.

Keeping your kidneys healthy contributes to your body’s metabolic balance and helps prevent disorders and chronic disease.

9. Weight gain

Sometimes, the symptoms of hunger can be confused with thirst. Therefore, some people eat food when their body really wants liquids.

This is an important factor to keep in mind when looking after your health and weight. You should also know that drinking water speeds up your metabolism, which increases the number of calories you burn.

Most diets typically require several glasses of water a day for these very reasons. Another thing to remember is that you should be drinking plain water. However, they shouldn’t contain any additional artificial sugars or flavors.

Find out more: How the Fast Metabolism Diet Works

10. Joint pain

Finally, if you’ve ever felt sporadic pain in your joints, it’s very likely that you’re not drinking enough water.

  • Your cartilage, which helps limit friction within your joints, is made up of 70% water.
  • As such, it’s important to drink plenty of liquids so your cartilage can maintain its proper shape, which allows for movement between the bones.

The amount of water you should drink depends on factors such as your age, level of physical activity, the weather, and health, among others.

In conclusion, you should increase your water intake in order to remain healthy. Otherwise, drinking too little water can affect many of your vital organs.