How to Know if a Lump is Benign or Malignant

The thyroid nodules are made up of cells that grow right around the thyroid glands in such a way that they form lumps in the front part of the neck that may result in them becoming benign or malignant.

This condition affects a larger percentage of women than men. Five percent of women and approximately one percent of men are affected, with this risk increasing with age. These nodules or lumps can be detected by touching or seeing them, although many times they aren’t caught and go unseen. It is very important to be aware of any change in your body.

If you discover anything abnormal, whether you see it or feel it in the front of your neck, it’s important to consult an endocrinologist as soon as possible. They will tell you if it is necessary to do some specialized tests, like a thyroid sonogram to check if the nodules are benign or not. The endocrinologist will then be able to tell you the necessary treatment. Also, if we know early on what type of lumps they are, it will ease our minds. Thyroid nodules can be:

  • – When they contain liquid, they are cystic.
  • – When they are formed mainly by cellular tissue, they are solid.
  • – They can be a mixture of the two previous, as well as possibly containing calcium, etc.

The structure of the nodules doesn’t matter in determining if they are or aren’t malignant. According to the American Thyroid Association, nine out of ten cases are benign. The most effective way of identifying if the lesions are benign or malignant is with a sonogram. During this test, a procedure is done with a very thin needle being inserted and puncturing the suspicious nodule area.

The most reliable results come from puncturing the nodule or nodules during the sonogram because during the procedure you can examine the sample taken from the nodule. If the cytologist finds the sample taken inadequate, they can redo the process at the same time until any suspicions are gone. This procedure isn’t painful and doesn’t require anesthesia.  The work of both the radiologist and the cytologist allow them to offer you a definite diagnosis that must immediately be reviewed by the endocrinologist that requested the tests. Then, they will be able to start the indicated treatment and the patient will leave from the radiology room knowing the results of their analysis.

Remember to not overlook any abnormal symptom that suddenly appears. If you know each and every one of the spots on your body and you check them constantly in the mirror, you will definitely discover any hardness that is forming. You will immediately have to go see a specialist to rule out any serious problems. This is a very effective way to prevent serious diseases because if there is a risk of contracting a disease that has a malignant origen and it is detected on time, the chances of eradicating it will be much greater.